Things you must know About: Male Genitalia


December-23, 2022

Male genitalia: What are male genitalia? The male genital organ has the exterior and internal genitalia, and they are normally distinguished by convention into, the exterior and internal genitalia.


The penis, male urethra, and scrotum make up the male external genitalia. The testis, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicle, ejaculatory duct, bulbourethral gland, and prostate are all parts of the male internal genitalia.


Parts and Function of the male genitalia

Let's start by describing the different components of the genitalia male and their purposes.



The male reproductive system's exterior component, one of the important male genitalia parts is the penis, it has a cylindrical shape. Depending on the individual, it can be anywhere from 3.6 inches long when flaccid (not erect) to 5 to 7 inches long when erect.


There are three distinct components of the penis:


The glans: often known as the head or tip of the penis, is extremely sensitive and houses the urethral opening. The foreskin, a fold of skin, may cover the glans in certain men.


The Shaft: The penis' primary structure in the layers of erectile tissue is present in the shaft. When a man is aroused, this tissue becomes engorged with blood, which causes the penis to tighten up and become erect.


The Root: The penis is attached to the pelvic region at the root. (Also check: All About Erectile Dysfunction)


The Function of the Penis

Important roles for the male reproductive system and urinary system are played by the penis:


Reproduction: A man's penis grows erect when he is excited. As a result, it can enter the vagina while having sex. Semen is released during ejaculation from the tip of the penis.


Urinating: The body can release urine when the penis is flaccid.



The scrotum is an exterior component of the male genitals, like the penis. It is a sac that is located right behind the penis root. The testicles and the ducts connected to them are located in the scrotum. (Also check: How watching pornography can cause erectile dysfunction.)


The Function of the Scrotum

There are two purposes for the scrotum:


Protection: The testicles are surrounded by the scrotum, which helps to keep them safe from harm.

Temperature regulation: Temperature affects sperm development. To bring the scrotum closer to the body for warmth, the muscles around it might constrict. They can also relax to help it cool off by moving it away from the body.



The two testicles that men have are housed inside the scrotum. Each oval testicle is joined to the rest of the male reproductive system by a duct called the epididymis. (Also check: Exercises for Eliminate Erectile Dysfunction)


The Function of the Testicles

The testicles serve the following purposes:


Production of sperm: The testicles are where sperm, the male sex cells that fertilize the female egg, are made. Spermatogenesis is the name of this process.


Sex hormone production: The male sex hormone testosterone is also produced by the testicles. (Also check: 5 Yoga Poses for Erectile Dysfunction)


Duct system

The male reproductive system has several ducts connecting its various components. These consist of the:


Epididymis: The testicle and vas deferens are connected by the epididymis, which is a coiled tube. Each testicle has one epididymis running along the back.


Vas deferens: A lengthy tube called the vas deferens joins the epididymis. The vas deferens is unique to each epididymis. Ejaculatory ducts are connected to the vas deferens in turn.


Ejaculatory ducts: The vas deferens and little pouches known as seminal vesicles are connected to the ejaculatory ducts. The urethra is where each ejaculatory duct empties.


Urethra: The urethra is a lengthy tube that connects to both the bladder and the ejaculatory ducts. It passes through the penis and prostate before opening at the glans. (Also check: Does Watching Porn Together Really Help You Have a Better Sex Life?)


The Function of the Duct system

Every duct in the male reproductive system has a particular purpose:


Epididymis: It takes around 12 days for the testicular sperm to mature before it is transferred to the epididymis. Additionally, mature sperm are kept in the epididymis until sex arousal takes place.


Vas deferens: Mature sperm go from the vas deferens to the urethra during arousal in preparation for ejaculation. (During a vasectomy, the two vas deferens ducts are cut.


Ejaculatory ducts: The ejaculatory ducts receive a viscous fluid from the seminal vesicles, which they then combine with sperm to form. The elements in this fluid provide sperm stability and energy. Approximately 70% of semen is made up of fluid from the seminal vesicles.


Urethra: Semen leaves the urethra during ejaculation through the tip of the penis. This duct allows urine to leave the body while the penis is flaccid. (Also check: Penis Health)


Prostate gland

Internally, the prostate is situated directly below the bladder. Its size is comparable to a walnut. It is another male genital anatomy types that is very important in the reproductive process.


The Function of the Prostate gland

Semen also receives fluid from the prostate. This liquid has a thin, milky appearance. It has elements that support the stability and motion of sperm. Additionally, semen becomes thinner due to prostate fluid, which improves sperm mobility.


Bulbourethral glands

Within the penis, close to its root, are these two tiny glands. They have tiny channels that connect them to the urethra. (Also check: 8 Great Sex Exercises for Men)


The Function of the Bulbourethral glands

The urethra is lubricated by the fluid that the bulbourethral glands secrete while also neutralizing any possible pee residue.


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